Kidney Health For All By Dr. Megha Nataraj (PT)

Kidney illnesses are silent killers that have a significant impact on our quality of life. The World Kidney Day Joint Steering Committee has declared 2023 to be the year of "Kidney Health for All." The World Kidney Day (WKD) is a joint initiative of the International Society of Nephrology  (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF).

The World Kidney Day (WKD) was started in 2006 and since then each year, kidney health and awareness is celebrat... Read More

In Conversation with Alfia Pathan Nagpur’s First Female Boxer To Play International Matches by Anubha Singhai

Since her venture into boxing in 2017, has won a bevvy of medals including, two golds, two silvers and a bronze medal in national tournaments.

Reigning youth world champions Alfiya Pathan produced sensational performance to win gold medal at the inaugural edition of the Elorda Boxing Cup in Nur-Sultan, 

PHYSIOTIMES Women’s Day special edition, we talked to ALFIA regarding her experience with Physiotherapy

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In conversation with PRATIK KAMBLE The Football Physio

1. Tell us what made you choose Physiotherapy? Did you already have an inclination, or someone inspired you to take up Physiotherapy?

I have been interested in medical science since my junior college days as my elder sister works in an ICU, one of her best friends suggested that I take up Physiotherapy. It was when I thought I would be able to fulfill my dream of being close to sports by taking up sports Physiotherapy as my career.

2. Why Sports Ph... Read More

In conversation with SAHAL ABDUL SAMAD The Game Changer

1. How were you introduced to Football?

Our family is a Sports-connected family. My father was a Volley-ball player, although not professionally and my brother also used to play Volleyball. Football came with my elder brother, and with me. I was very  
much impressed with football and used to watch matches back-to-back. When my brother used to play in the team, I always tried to go to watch the game. That’s how I got introduced to Football and star... Read More

ERGONOMIC WORKSITE ANALYSIS: The Critical Link in Stay-at-Work and Return-to-Work by Alison Heller-Ono PT

The complexities of managing a workers' compensation case has turned into the ultimate challenge for all those involved in disability management. Federal and state labor laws, civil rights laws, health and safety regulations, medical privacy, opioid use and current workers' compensation reform issues make resolution of these cases difficult and trying for everyone.

Finding a method to resolve a case quickly, effectively and fairly with consideration to both the employer and ... Read More

Interview With PRITAM SIWACH by Anubha Singhai (PT)

1. How did you develop your interest in Hockey?

I started playing Hockey from School days. There were a lot of games offered at our School, but always was inclined towards Hockey only. When I first went to my School PT Teacher, he refused to give me Hockey stick, saying that I’m overweight, so won’t be able to play. At home, I told this to my grandmother, who took steps to assure that I also be a part of the Hockey team in School. This is how my interest... Read More

Research is a science, but publication is an art ! by Dr. Waqar M. Naqvi (PT)

When I looked back on my undergraduate days, I always considered research as a tedious and time-consuming process. However, what I feel now is that research is the most interesting niche if we get involved, and it has highly integrated my personal and professional growth. Therefore, I feel that research is most often misinterpreted as a subject, especially by undergraduate students, and that there is a huge knowledge gap among the students about applied research and its importance in professi... Read More

Interview with SUPRIYA JATAV The International Karate Champion

She is the only Indian woman to have won a Gold medal in and to hold the title of the Winner of the USA Open Karate Championship (Kumite) and to hold the Commonwealth title consecutively for two years. She is Strong in Arena and Soft in mannerism. She maintains this balance flawlessly. In a candid conversation with Anubha Singhai, Editor,

PHYSIOTIMES, Supriya talks about the ups and downs in her Career, the injuries and her trust in 

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TMD- The “Bermuda Triangle” of Medical Conditions by Darron Goralsky

TMD or Temporomandibular Disorder is an umbrella term for conditions involving the temporomandibular joint and associated structures. This includes joint, disc and muscle related conditions resulting in pain and dysfunction.

Covid has resulted in an explosion of cases of TMD and resulted in a ‘perfect storm’. We all know that in the last 2.5 years stress levels have increased, while at the same time computer / screen time has also increased with working from home be... Read More

In conversation with Deepak Punia- The Formidable Fighter.

Deepak Punia is one of the best young wrestlers to have come out of India in recent time

Deepak was honoured with the “Junior Freestyle Wrestler of the Year” award by United World Wrestling

Among those who came close to making India proud was boxer Deepak Punia, who was in contention for the bronze medal.

In conversation with PHYSIOTIMES, the free-style Wrestler and ARJUNA AWARDEE talks about his hard-work and the Significance of PHYSIOTHERAPY in his ... Read More

An Overview of Acupuncture Analgesia Physiology by Jonathan Hobbs

Since the early research into the physiological mechanisms of acupuncture analgesia (AA) began towards the end of the 1960’s (Zhao, 2008) there has been a persistent increase in its overall usage with an estimated 14 million plus individuals regularly utilising acupuncture by 2007 (Burke et al, 2006). Although there is a documented growth in the usage of acupuncture, there continues to be considerable debate as to its value and the nature of its proposed mechanisms and their relevance t... Read More

In conversation with Differently-abled Indian Arm Wrestler

Shrimant Jha is world No. 3 and Asia’s No.1 differently-abled Arm Wrestler from India. He has won 40 International Medals for the country in various International competitions. In conversation with the Editor of PHYSIOTIMES, he describe his Journey, wins & Failures and also his views on Physiotherapy. 

Please tell us about your interest in sports since childhood and what made you inclined toward arm wrestling?

I was interested in sports from... Read More

Interview with Sujit Nayak

SUJIT NAYAK is a motivated professional cricketer, currently playing in Mumbai's local league for THE CRICKET CLUB OF INDIA. Sujit has been playing cricket for last 12 years for different teams, clubs, regions and associations based in India.

He is an absolute team player and extremely passionate to win and do better. He has always been able to be the driving force in all the teams that he has been a part of and love to lead by exam... Read More


1. Tell us how you got interested in Physiotherapy?

I was very keen in medical science; I started my Physiotherapy journey randomly. I was in sports and as I explored about Sports Physiotherapy, I wanted to become one and do something for the Indian sports and country. My aim was set to become an on field Physiotherapist as I enjoyed doing that and help the sportspersons.

2. Please tell us about your journey till entering Wrestling?

... Read More

Interview with Ravi Dahiya Olympic Silver Medalist

Indian wrestler Ravi Dahiya has become the second Indian wrestler, after Sushil Kumar, to win an Olympic silver medal.Dahiya is also a bronze medalist from 2019 World Wrestling Championships and a two-time Asian champion.

Ravi possesses immense strength, stamina and is technically sound. He discusses the role of  Physiotherapy in shaping his career with  PHYSIOTIMES.

Please tell us about how you got motivated to be a Wrestler? How was your Early Childhood trainin... Read More

Interview with Neeraj Chopra's Physio ISHAAN MARWAHA

Tell us how you got inclined towards Sports Physiotherapy?

Since childhood I was always inclined towards sports, I used to play cricket and other sports. When finally, it came to choosing a career, I got an opportunity to be a Sports Physiotherapist. This way I could always be associated with sports.

Tell us about your journey of RIO OLYMPICS? 

Rio Olympics was my first Olympic experience; it was an amazing journey working w... Read More

In Conversation with Neeraj Chopra Boy with Golden Arm

Neeraj Chopra is the first track & field athlete to win a gold medal for India at the Tokyo Olympic 2020. He believes in giving his 100% in every tournament. In conversation with PHYSIOTIMES, Neeraj Chopra discusses his passion, hardwork and also the importance of having a Physiotherapist in the team.

Early life and how you started getting inclined towards athletics

I grew up in a joint family of 18 members in the ... Read More

Is a clinically trained hemiparetic lower limb ready for real life environment based challenges? by Dr. Jennifer Valentina D’souza (PT)


After a stroke, majority of stroke individuals regain their ability to walk. However, 70% of these individuals face difficulty in community ambulation even though they achieve relatively good steady-state walking ability. One-third of stroke survivors have reported an inability to walk within their community. Community ambulation is extremely essential as it contributes ... Read More

Interview with The Next Generation Leader - MANASI JOSHI

Manasi Joshi is an Indian para-badminton player, the current World Champion and a changemaker. Rightly said, leaders are not born, they are made.

Manasi was listed as the Next Generation Leader 2020 by TIME Magazine in October 2020 and she appeared on their Asia cover, making her the first para-athlete in the world and the first Indian athlete to be featured on the magazine’s cover, for being an advocate of rights for people with disabilities. 

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Interview with Poorva sawant's Physio Dr. Ketaki More (PT)

Dr. Ketaki Aditya More,a Certified Mulligan Practioner (CMP) , Msc in Musculoskeletal from UK University , BPTH (MUHS), former head Physiotherapist at Bharat Petroleum refinery Mahul, Mumbai.

She has undertaken a lot of ergonomics and health assessment seminars at various companies such as Ambit, Tata Chemicals, Godriej & Boyce and SIDBI bank.

She has also done lectures for the staff of Grand Hyatt, Hungama channel and Intelligencia.

 Poorva Sawant has b... Read More

In conversation with star athlete Poorva Sawant

PHYSIOTIMES is happy to talk to the young budding talents and Poorva Sawant of Maharashtra tops the list. She has made her state proud during the Under 17 Girls Athletics Triple Jump Final at Khelo India Youth Games 2019 at Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex Balewadi on January 13, 2019, in Pune, India.

• How did you start your journey as an athlete?

I was selected in my school's (U... Read More

Sarcopenia in Women and the aquatic environment By Dr. Binal Dave (PT)

Sarcopenia is a condition commonly associated with aging and characterized by loss of muscle mass, strength, and function. Deterioration of muscular fitness negatively impacts the ability to perform everyday tasks, which may eventually lead to loss of independence. This article is intended to bring awareness to the disorder and reassurance to older adults that the aquatic environment can benefit those with, or at risk for developing, sarcopenia. Symptoms, risks, causes, treatments, and resear... Read More

In conversation with Indian Ace Shuttling pair Sikki Reddy and Ashwini Ponappa

On this Women's Day, PHYSIOTIMES in conversation with ace shuttlers Sikki and Ashwini discuss why they chose the sport to what it takes to be a Woman of Substance. Right from representing India proudly in World Championships to winning laurels for the nation, they totally believe in staying focused. The two eminent women openly talk about the role of their Physiotherapists in preventing as well as recovering from injuries with double vigor.


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Rehabilitation is defined as the very act of restoring someone to health or normal life after a period of illness or trauma.

Technological innovations, both existing and forthcoming, are expected to enhance the scope of patient recovery.

PHYSIOTIMES brings you a detailed insight of how we are stepping towards a technology-driven future of Rehabilitation guided by dynamic professionals.

From Indian movies to Practitioners and Patients, the crutche... Read More

Interview with Niranjan Pandit (Physiotherapist) National Cricket Academy, BCCI.

1. Tell us about your experience with National Cricket Academy, BCCI

It is a privilege to work within elite Indian cricket ecosystem at the highest level as National Cricket Academy (NCA) is the main center for injury rehabilitation and training for all players. The structured framework of working, making decisions with and for the best players in the country for their injury rehab and getting them back into action in a timely and safe manner consid... Read More

THE ABHINAV BINDRA FOUNDATION A step to transform the Sports Ecosystem!


Introduction : The Abhinav Bindra Foundation, a non-profit initiative by India’s First Individual Gold Medalist, Abhinav Bindra aims at making the Global Best Practice accessible to the Indian Physiotherapy and Sports Science Industry. By imbibing technology in the Industry, the organization sees an Indian (and Global) Sports and Healthcare Ecosystem that looks to strive towards an Accountable, Acc... Read More

Dear Interns by Dr. Sara Ansari (PT)

I am here to welcome you to intensive units, wards, and OPDs.

welcome to the bridge which will transform you enough to carve you into a good clinician. I am here to introduce you to the battlefield where you fight with miseries over health and fitness. From now on, you will be restless, sleepless and will procrastinate less. From now on, you will work more, response more and dedicate more. Here you, pledge... Read More

In Conversation with Chirag & Satwik : The Awesome Duo

Chirag and Satwik

The first Indian men’s doubles pair to break into the top 10 of the world rankings.

Satwik and Chirag are the first Indian men’s doubles pair to break into the top 10 of the world rankings. And this, for them, is just the start.

They had a breakthrough season as they claimed their maiden Super 500 title at Thailand Open and finished runners-up at the French Open Super 750 to grab a career-best r... Read More

Application of iontophoresis in managing sports injuries Dr. Abhinav Sathe (PT)

Sports injuries are injuries that occur when engaging in sports or exercise. Sports injuries can occur due to overtraining, lack of conditioning, and improper form or technique. They can be acute or chronic in nature.  Bruises, strains, sprains, tears, and fractures can result from sports injuries. Soft tissues like muscles, ligaments, tendons, fascia, and bursae are commonly affected. Managing a sports injury includes the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation o... Read More


Rahi Sarnobat hails from Kolhapur and competes in the 25 meters pistol shooting event. She won her first gold medal at the 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games in Pune, India. She is the first woman to win a gold medal in shooting in the Asian Games for India - she won the gold at the 2018 Jakarta Palembang Asian Games in the women's 25-meter pistol event. She had won two gold medals in 2010 Commonwealth Games in New Delhi. She had previously won gold in... Read More

COVID- 19 AND PHYSIOTHERAPY - To all the Physiotherapists, from a Chest Physiotherapist in regards to Corona Virus By Dr. Samana Sayed

Corona Virus/ COVID- 19

We all are very well aware of the important and critical role of Chest/Cardiorespiratory Physiotherapy, in treating various Acute and Chronic Cardiorespiratory ailments in Acute Hospital as well as Clinical settings and how we, being Cardiorespiratory/Cardiopulmonary  Physiotherapists, are an integral part of the Healthcare System when it comes to such Global issues like the COVID-19 pandemic.

So here I am, shari... Read More

Interview with India International Hockey Player Tushar Khandker

Tushar Khandker is an Indian professional field hockey player who represented India in Men's Hockey during the 2012 London Olympics as player and 2016 Rio Olympics as coach.

Coming from a family of hockey players and also from the land of HOCKEY WIZARD, Major Dhyanchand, our national game has been running in his veins.

Tushar Khandker made his debut for India in 2003 when he was included in the Ho... Read More

Telerehabilitation: How to arrange physiotherapy during COVID-19

Due to the coronavirus outbreak, thousands of rehabilitation facilities all over the world are limited in treating their patients. Some of them are closed, others have limitations on quantity and/or type of patients they can serve. Is telerehabilitation a way to fix it?

As a CBDO of Raccoon.Recovery, a company that develops physical rehabilitation equipment, I have talked to dozens of therapists and rehab centre managers after th... Read More

Physio Speaks : Anuja Dalvi : Indian Sports Physiotherapist

In an INTERVIEW with PHYSIOTIMES, Anuja Dalvi speaks about how her career shaped, the story behind her success and s... Read More

PHYSIOTIMES An Interview with Ankita Raina : The Queen of Court

Ankita is an Indian professional tennis player and the current Indian No. 1 in both women’s singles (since 2013) and doubles (since 2019)

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Cover Story : Interview with Bhaichung Bhutia

Bhaichung Bhutia, or famously known as ‘Sikkimese Sniper’ is a well-known face in the game of football. He represented India in f... Read More

Hum Sath Hai

(A Unique Helpline for Paralytic survivors and their family members)

Hum Saath Hai is a team of trained physios specialized in neuro physiotherapy working together under a” Mission Life after Stroke” to train paralytic survivors and their family members. In our long path of stroke rehab, it has been seen that if any family member participate with all her/his efforts and continues till some bigger achievement in the survivor’s life,... Read More

Snapshot: Foot Calluses - Why Orthopedic Shoes May Not be Really Good for our Feet by Maria Cohut (MNT)

Why orthopedic shoes may not really be good for our feet

New research has made a surprising finding about the function and effects of foot calluses, leading investigators to question how good orthopedic shoes really are for foot health.

Humans - that is to say, our modern ancestors, Homo sapiens — have been around for at least 195,000 years. Yet, it was only maybe 40,000 years ago that our speci... Read More

Techvantage: Virtual Reality's Potential in Physical Therapy & Injury Recovery

Virtual reality has not taken over the world the same way some other major technological developments have, and yet it’s tough to overstate its impact. This is because while VR has not become ubiquitous for gaming, communication, or any other single aspect of our tech-driven lives, it has branched out in an incredibly broad way, touching on a seemingly endless range of industries and activities. In other words, it’s not essential, but it sure is useful in a lot of ways - likely in... Read More

Book Review: The Color Atlas of Physical Therapy by Eric Shamus


The Color Atlas of Physical Therapy delivers a high-quality visual presentation of the disorders a physical therapist would most likely encounter in daily practice. Enhanced by more than 1,000 full-color illustrations and concise, evidence-based treatment recommendations, the book features a consistent design that makes information retrieval at the point of care fast and easy.Read More

Home Healthcare: Best Practices By Poonam Botadara

Home health care is a system of care provided by skilled practitioners to patients in their homes. The goals of home health care services are to help individuals to improve function and live with greater independence; to promote the client’s optimal level of well-being; and to assist the patient to remain at home, avoiding hospitalization or admission to long-term care institutions. When it comes to physiotherapy, home health care is an integral part of the practice. More so in the mode... Read More

REVIEW ARTICLE: Stroke Rehabilitation: Adapting Research Findings into Clinical Practice. Are we ready? - CLINICAL MEDICINE INFORMATICS INDIA

The types and degrees of disability that follow a stroke depend upon which area of the brain is damaged. Generally, stroke can cause five types of disabilities:

1) Paralysis or problems controlling movement, 2) Sensory disturbances including pain, 3) Problems using or understanding language, 4) Problems with thinking and memory, 5) Emotional disturbances.

The role played by physiotherapists in stroke rehabilitation

Physical therapists specialize ... Read More

HUMAN FACTOR: Introduction To Ergonomics - DR K.M. ANNAMALAI

What is the ultimate goal of our work?  Marx would say our efforts go towards making a few people richer, while the rest of us waste our lives doing hard work we hate, just to survive.  It is certainly hard to argue the point that technology makes our lives easier, because we still work just as hard to control the machines we designed to “do the work for us.” In this section, I would like to provide you explanations, guidelines and suggestions on how to work smarter not ... Read More

HUMAN FACTOR: Motherhood And Ergonomics - DR. K.M.ANNAMALAI

Although the concept of reproduction is universal, the process of motherhood is not. Even in homogenous societies consisting of human beings, a cultural discrepancy in child-bearing and child-rearing tactics is evident. As humans continue to reproduce and society continues to evolve, the nature of motherhood will experience changes, as well. New technology and discoveries directly affect every aspect of human life including labor and delivery. Only Mothers have the unique privilege of nurturi... Read More

PHYSIO SPEAKS: Sexual Health In Women- Role Of Physiotherapy - TALLI. Y. ROSENBAUM

Introduction:  Sexual health and wellness generally falls under the domain of psychologists, sex therapists and physicians such as urologists, gynecologists and psychiatrists, and even family physicians to some extent. How is physiotherapy linked to sexual health and what role does a physiotherapist play in improvement of sexual function of women? Physiotimes find answers to these and many such questions puzzling the young therapists through an exclusive intervie... Read More

CURRENT AFFAIRS: Stem Cells For Cerebral Palsy - DR.ANAITA HEGDE

Stem cells are unique cells with the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body. These cells can divide without limit to replenish other cells, thus forming a sort of repair system for the body. Stem cells can be basically classified into two types based on their origin of derivation – Embryonic Stem Cells (ESCs) and Adult/Tissue Specific Stem Cells (TSSCs). The Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are derived from either the zygote or the blastocyst. (image 1) The... Read More


Millions of people, all ages and abilities around the world, suffer from various orthopedic ailments that may benefit from physical rehabilitation.  Meanwhile several million are investing in Wii Fit, the home fitness tool used with the hugely popular Nintendo Wii gaming system.  Now Wii fitness and rehab can be combined.  Wii-habilitation or better known as wii-hab, is the medical application of interactive video gaming devices to augment therapies of physical, cognitive, beha... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE: Hyperkyphosis: Postural Impairments In The Elderly - DR. BHAVNA MHATRE

The normal  angle  of thoracic kyphosis in younger population range between 20 to 40 degrees . Boyle J J & et  al in their study of men and women, reported mean angle of thoracic kyphosis by Cobb angle on lateral thoracic spine images as 26 degrees in persons in their twenties, 53 deg in those in 60 to 70 years of age, 66 deg in those older than 75 years of age. Thus  it  can be seen that this angle of thoracic kyphosis tends to increase with age. A non-invasive a... Read More

PHYSIO SPEAKS: A Tete-A-Tete With The Man Behind Mulligan - BRIAN MULLIGAN

Brian Mulligan is a name that needs no introduction to physiotherapists across the globe. His concept of mobilisation with movement (MWMS) in the extremities and sustained natural apophyseal glides (SNAGS) in the spine have progressed physical therapist-applied passive physological movements and accessory techniques in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. No.we didn't travel to New zealand to do the interview but were able to connect with brian through email, where he shared some of... Read More

NEUROGEN REPORT: Neuroregenerative Rehabilitation Therapy - DR.MAMTA LOHIA

Physiotherapists play a significant role in improving the functional status of patients with neurological disorders. However, there are some neurological diseases and injuries, where despite our best efforts, the patients are still left with severe and incapacitating neurological deficits.It is for this group of patients that there is now a new hope in the form of regenerative medicine using stem cell therapy.The relevance of stem cell therapy to us is that, physiotherapist have a very import... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE: Clinical Reasoning For Clinical Decisions Of Shoulder Pain - DR.BHAVNA MHATRE

Introduction to direct access or first contact practice has increased the accountability of Physiotherapists within the profession and outside including competing for health practitioners and health-conscious consumers. Hence, a recognized need to define and promote those characteristics that lead to superior clinical performance exists within the profession to firmly establish physiotherapists as autonomous, competent health care professionals capable of sound clinical decision making and ef... Read More

SPECIAL ARTICLE: Graded Motor Imagery: An Added Asset To Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy - DEVDEEP AHUJA

Introduction – Musculoskeletal physiotherapy is a specialist area of professional physiotherapy practice concerned with the assessment, diagnosis and management of the musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. The main aims of musculoskeletal physiotherapy are to reduce pain, maintain/regain joint movement, and maximize function and health-related quality of life without adverse effects, enabling people to cope better with ill health. Traditionally, musculoskeletal phy... Read More

HEALING HANDs: Improving Posture With The Alexander Technique - RICHARD BRENNAN

Today a huge number of people are suffering from debilitating health problems that quite possibly are caused by poor posture and malco-ordination. People are in effect causing themselves huge amounts of pain without realising. The malco-ordinated way people sit stand and move often involves over-tensing the entire muscular system and this tension can increase over the months and years and can directly or indirectly cause many of many the back, neck, shoulder, hip, knee and foot problems that ... Read More


Kathryne Ellen opton, or "KEO" as she is known to her clients and friends, is passionately dedicated to the enhancement of health and wellness in the community, one individual at a time. After reciving her undergraduate degree from cornell, she pursued her graduate stidies in special needs education and initially began her professional life as a teacher of the deaf. Keo formed her own personal training company and also competed as a bodybuilder. As a personal health advocate, public... Read More

EXPERT OPINION: Clinical Education In Physiotherapy - PROF.LATA SHROFF

Physiotherapists work in a health care climate of rising complexity and rapid change, of economic restraint and demands for accountability, of scrutiny from both internal and external sources. In such a climate, the ability to respond appropriately to these pressures is critical, not only for professional growth but also for professional survival. New generations of physiotherapists emerging from professional programs require more than a solid foundation of clinical skills. They require an ed... Read More

SPECIAL ARTICLE: Motor Control for Musculoskeletal Dysfunctions - DR.BHAVNA MHATRE

Impairment of muscle performance is commonly treated by physiotherapist and is usually described as strength deficit that is capacity to develop maximum force during a single contraction.  The relative strength, endurance, and control of muscles are considered more important during a co-ordinated movement than overall strength of a muscle or a muscle group (Jull and Janda). Co-ordinated movement involves multiple joints and muscles that are activated at appropriate time and with the corr... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE : Therapeutic-Exercise Prescription the backbone of Physiotherapy narasimman swaminathan sydney roshan robello

Exercise can be defined as the prescription of a physical activity program that involves the client undertaking voluntary muscle contraction and/or body movement with the aim of relieving symptoms or improving function, or improving, retaining or slowing deterioration of health (Licht S (1984).  Physical therapy, which is the care and services provided by or under the direction of a physical therapist includes Examining and alleviating impairments and functional limitations. (Model defin... Read More

REVIEW ARTICLE: Taping For Shoulder Pain:What Does The Evidence Suggest? - DEVDEEP AHUJA

Introduction: Shoulder pain along with subsequent restriction of movement is a common clinical presentation in both the sporting and general populations .Compromised shoulder movement due to pain, stiffness or weakness can cause substantial disability and affect a person’s ability to carry out daily activities and work.One year prevalence of shoulder pain has been reported between 5% and 47% . Conditions that can contribute to the clinical picture... Read More

REVIEW ARTICLE: The Plastic Brain And Its Rehabilitation - JAYKRISHNAN NAIR

The human brain is an incredible learning machine. It helps us transform ourselves from helpless wiggling neonates at birth to the most dominant living organism in the known universe. Its rich imagination helped mankind to develop technologies that cleverly manipulate the environment and turn it in our favour. It helps us to, consciously perceive the world, make complex decisions, and execute movement commands all at the same time. Human beings were, are and will always be intrigued by this 1... Read More

EXPERT SPEAKS: A Neonatologist's Perspective On The Role Of Physiotherapy In NICU - DR. S. M.DHADED

Physiotherapist is an important team member in the management of a high risk neonate especially those with severe respiratory and neurological complications. Our experience with babies receiving Chest physiotherapy in the NICU has shown to be beneficial in terms of early weaning from ventilator, improved oxygenation and decrease length of stay in hospital. This in turn has been beneficial for parents in terms of cost and early recovery which decreases the stress level of parents. We have obse... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE: Sports Physiotherapy In India: What It Takes To Be A Sports Physio - TAMARA ZWECK

India is a country on the move. And so is the profession that specialises in movement - Physiotherapy!

We, as physiotherapists, are engineers of the finest machine, the human body. And where better to watch the best than at the Olympic games. By the time you are reading this, London's gold would have been won, lost and found a million dreams. Not the least could be Saina, Abhinav, Mary and Vijender carrying the hopes of India along. I would like to think that th... Read More

EXPERT OPINION: Parkinson's Disease and Physiotherapy Management - DR. M. G. MOKASHI

James Parkinson described this condition as paralysis agitance in an ‘Essay on the Shaking Palsy’, in 1817. It was after a century that loss of dopaminergic cells was discovered in Parkinson’s diseases (PD) and later on low levels of dopamine in corpus striatum were detected, which gave a boost to medication for PD in 1970. In Parkinson's disease, multiple system atrophy and progressive supranuclear palsy,  the main regulators of the caudate nucleus... Read More

EXPERT OPINION: Women's Health : Indian Perspective - DR. M. G. MOKASHI

Women’s population world over is around 50%; in our country, it is below 50%. Other than motherhood, a woman has shouldered responsibility as a housewife. It is not just housekeeping; rather she should be a home minister. At times she is a decision maker; some other time she influences decisions. This has been irrespective of her education or earning capacity. She is a respected person in family. She represents culture and as a part of it, sacrifices for the family with love and underst... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE: Low Back Pain: Focus On Self-Management - DEVDEEP AHUJA

Low Back Pain: Focus on Self Management:  Low back pain is a major health problem around the world which accounts for considerable socioeconomic and healthcare burden. The life time incidence of LBP has been reported between 60-80% (Twomey 2000; O’Sullivan 2005) and out of these incidents in about 80-90% cases pain subsides within first 2-3 months and rest of the patients (around 10-20%) develop chronic pain syndromes (Carey et al 2000). Chronic low back pai... Read More

INSIDE IMAGING: Imaging In Muscular Dystrophy - DR.RAVIKUMAR B. THAPAR

Introduction: Traditionally, muscular dystrophies are evaluated clinically with history and examination; electro-diagnostic testing (nerve conduction testing and electromyography); genetic testing; and muscle biopsy. Recently, there has been increasing interest in non-invasive imaging modalities, particularly muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), for the diagnosis and assessment of disease progression for various neuromuscular diseases. In this article we shall... Read More

SPECIAL ARTICLE: Dyspnea Management In Chronic Disorders - NARASIMMAN SWAMINATHAN

Introduction: Dyspnea (shortness of breath) is defined as a subjective experience of breathing discomfort, and is of varying intensity. The occurrence of dyspnea in subjects with chronic disorders is from the interactions among multiple factors which include physiological, psychological, social and environmental factors. Dyspnea may or may not be associated with hypoxemia, tachypnea or orthopnea. Literature states that almost all of the COPD patients, 80 % of adva... Read More

EXPERT OPINION: Treating Shoulder Pain With Mckenzie Concept - DR. ASHA MENON

Introduction: Shoulder pain,  reported to be the most common musculoskeletal disorder after spinal pain (Eltayeb et al., 2007) is often recurrent and persistent (Croft et al., 1996; Van der Windt et al., 1996; Van der Windt and Croft, 1999; Winters et al., 1999; Kuijpers et al., 2006, 2007). This article highlights the difficulties in diagnosing shoulder disorders, the need for the classification system in extremities, and provides information on how shoulder pain i... Read More

PHYSIO YOGA: Yoga As A Therapeutic Modality In Autism Spectrum Disorder - DR. NILIMA PATEL

The ancient art of yoga is proving to have great benefits for children on the autism spectrum. Yoga comprehensively addresses their heightened anxiety, poor motor coordination and weak self-regulation, something that otherwise is very difficult to do.

 Treatments for autism come in all shapes and sizes, and as families well know, what works for one autistic person doesn’t necessarily work for another. Choosing an intervention must be based on an autistic individual’... Read More

COVER STORY: Knee Extensor Compartment Dysfunction - SADIYA VANJARA

Since the dawn of the atomic era, human locomotion has taken the precedent of being most precious. It gives us the gift of being independent. If our locomotion is affected, our existence is affected. Injury to the body is seldom limited to the body alone. Bodily injury also causes injury to the mind, which is our supreme ruler. Anxiety due to temporary and (sometimes permanent) loss of function often results in altered levels of confidence and social embarrassment. Especially, when it involve... Read More

ACCUPUNCTURE SERIES: Ten Conditions Benefiting From Dry Needling - DIANA PINTO

In the last article, authors Melzack, Wall and Bowsher helped explain the theory of pain relief through Dry Needling. This is the last article of the series, where we will be listing a few conditions that will benefit from the extensive use of Dry Needling. Also mentioned will be other techniques that could prove useful along with Dry Needling, thus specifying a global approach to treating that particular condition.

1) Headaches:  Before treating headaches, it ... Read More

GUEST COLUMN: Vestibular Rehabilitation: Controversies & Consideration - DR.CARLTON PEREIRA

Most people don’t find it difficult to walk across a gravel driveway, transition from walking on a sidewalk to grass, or get out of bed in the middle of the night without stumbling. However, with impaired balance such activities can be extremely fatiguing and sometimes dangerous. Imbalance are common complaints in both the adults and the general population. The patient who complains of Dizziness often presents a diagnostic and management dilemma to the attending ENT, Audiologist or Phys... Read More

CASE IN POINT: Airway obstruction As A Causative Agent For Temporomandibular Joint Pain - DR. KATHY BERGULAND

AbstractA 15 year old boy was referred to direct access physical therapy with a complaint of left tempromandibular joint (TMJ) pain for approximately 3-4 months.  Upon examination, a slight loss of range of motion (ROM) upon opening was observed.  A slight “C” curve produced upon opening indicated the presence of muscular hypertonus.  Upon palpation, the patient was found to have evidence of painful hypertonus in the left masseter and ... Read More

GUEST COLUMN: Development Coordination Disorder-What Pts Need To Know - PRIYA PATEL & DR. CARL GABBARD

John is a 10 year old boy facing difficulty with fine- and gross motor skills. As a result he lags behind his peers, who already mastered these skills 2-3 years earlier. John has problems with daily living skills such as getting dressed, tying shoelaces, washing hair. He has not mastered riding a bicycle, and has problems participating in team sports. This has led to low self- esteem and feelings of shyness. He is secluding himself from society. At a parent’s interview,... Read More

GUEST COLUMN: Understanding Myofascia A Therapeutic Perspective - SUBHANJAN DAS

Not so long ago, we considered the muscles and the fascia as two distinct entities. As our understanding of the soft tissues evolved, we have come to realize that muscles and fascia are structurally and functionally inseparable, together they constitute the myofascia.Myofascia is a complex web of connective tissue which covers the human body extensively. The fascia gives contour and alignment to the muscles, allows smooth sliding of the muscle fibers on itself and transmits the active and pas... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE: Cortical Stimulation- A Promising Tool In Chronic Pain - DR. NARKESH A.

Cortical stimulation with electrical currents, a technique developed many decades ago and then largely forgotten, has remerged recently as a promising tool for experimental neuroscientists, physiotherapists and psychologists in chronic pain conditions. Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists beyond the normal recovery period or pain that is paired with a chronic health condition. The pathology of chronic pain is extremely varied; the variables involved include, but are not limited to: m... Read More

GUEST EDITORIAL: Assistive Devices in Rehabilitation- A historical Perspective & recent advances in India - DR. M. G. MOKASHI

I have great pleasure to part with my experiences on Assistive Devices, with many I am closely related since 1960. Till 1980s definition spelled that appliances could be worn on body like orthosis or prosthesis. Later, they became walking devices. Aids are ambulatory like wheel chair, tricycle etc.; a walker is mini movable version of parallel bars. A Seat-lift chair underlines a device in transfer activities and so a sliding board. We have used for weak/ painful hand, the forearm-resting wal... Read More

HEALING HANDS: Manual Therapy of the hip joint - PROF. UMASANKAR MOHANTY

Anatomy and Biomechanics of Hip Joint:   The hip is a classical ball-and-socket joint. It meets the four characteristics of a synovial or diarthrodial joint: it has a joint cavity; joint surfaces are covered with articular cartilage; it has a synovial membrane producing synovial fluid, and; it is surrounded by a ligamentous capsule (Byrd J., 2004). The cup-shaped acetabulum is formed by the innominate bone with contributions from the ilium (approximately... Read More

FITNESS FUNDA: Trail Running-Get Off the beaten path - SHEL- ELMORE

“The woods are lovely, dark, and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep,And miles to go before I sleep.” ~Robert Frost

When was the last time you ran like a wild man or woman in the woods such that the experience was not only physically enthralling but nurtured your soul? Whether you’re stuck in a running rut, bored by your neighborhood routes or just plain hate the treadmill, it might... Read More

SPOTLIGHT: Cupping Therapy-Summer Olympic 2016 Style Treatment - KARENA WU

We’ve all been staying up late watching the non-stop coverage of the 2016 Rio Olympics. You hear about the winners, the losers and the amazing feats of physical athleticism. But what is even bigger than Michael Phelps 21st gold medal? What is the hottest talk about these days in the rehabilitation world? The answer is, ‘Cupping!’ Athletes work on their bodies non-stop. Preparation for an event of this nature, game day performance and then cool down and maintenance... Read More

SPOTLIGHT: Selfie elbow- Yet Another tech induced ailment - JASRAH JAVED

‘CLICKING ELBOW’ or commonly called as ‘SELFIE ELBOW’, is a modern tech-induced ailment which is affecting a lot of selfie lovers these days. People like me and you, who do not have any sports background or record of being indulged in a sport like tennis or golf which requires repeated use of extended arm and repetitive jerk on the elbow are having problems which resembles the symptoms of the same. Each time you click a picture, you put yourself in a position where you... Read More

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVE: Sarco Osteoporosis: Role Of Physical Therapy - HARSHVARDHAN SINGH

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and abnormal bone tissue architecture. Although exact numbers are not available, based on available data and clinical experience it is estimated that 50 million individuals in India were either osteoporotic (T-score lower than -2.5) or had low bone mass (T-score between -1.0 and -2.5) by the end of 20131. It should further be noted that in spite of technological advances, osteoporosis still remains a severely underdiagnosed c... Read More

FEATURE ARTICLE: Salt Therapy-Relax, Recharge and breathe Easy - JAIME SAVARESE

Salt therapy was discovered in the mid 18th century by Polish health official named Felix Botchkowski. Salt therapy was originally discovered as Speleotherapy or cave therapy, 'Spelenos' being the Greek term for 'cave'. Felix Botchkowski found that salt miners in Poland had not experienced lung-related ailments such as asthma, pneumonia, or chronic bronchitis. Even miners who had respiratory disease before they began working in the mines felt better and had fewer symptoms as t... Read More

CURRENT TRENDS: Shockwave Therapy-A new treatment approach in physiotherapy - ERA, RAKESH KUMAR

Musculoskeletal disorders originating from muscles and tendons affect majority of general population. They impair mobility, cause pain and reduce overall well being. Efforts are made constantly to treat these disorders, but often they show limited success due to wide range of competing technology options available and lack of time from the patient’s part. Shock wave application represents a new therapy approach.  Clinical experience has shown that a wide range of functional disorde... Read More

SPECIAL ARTICLE: Small nerve stimulation: The future of proprioceptive training - DR. EMILY SPLICHAL

When you hear the words “proprioceptive training” what comes to mind? If you do a Google image search for these two words you will get hundreds of pictures demonstrating balance exercises on unstable surfaces.   Despite the popularity of these unstable surfaces how effective are they for improving balance or proprioception? Surprisingly, not as good as their manufacturers would like us to believe. In this article I challenge you to question the effectiveness of ... Read More

SNAPSHOT: Nepal Earthquake-Experiences & Observations of a Nepalese PT - SUNIL POKHREL

1) Introduction- There are many articles where the role of physiotherapy in disaster management is highlighted internationally. It’s important to go through those articles and learn how a Physiotherapist contributes in activities before and after a disaster. Having advance knowledge of the possible roles and responsibilities in disasters is called individual preparedness which can be done by referring to the resources available on the internet. However, disaster pr... Read More

AVANT GARDE: Inversion Therapy-The Benefits of Being Upside down - DR.K.S.BHAWISH, PT

Being upside down brings back the memories of childhood punishment for some, while for others it is also a form of exercise with the intention of therapeutic or physiological benefits. Spiders, monkeys and bats, hanging upside down in the trees, must have known about the benefits of inversion therapy long before humans figured it out! Inverting the body has been around for hundreds of years - and has always been referred to as having a positive effect on the body. Although humans may not have... Read More

GUEST COLUMN: Obesity Management- Emerging Role of Physiotherapist - DR.ANNU & DR.HIMANSHU TANWAR

Physiotherapy has a wide scope of practice with emerging specialties. As the time changes, the needs of society change and we have to equip our technologies and treatment methodologies to suit the same. Rising incidence of obesity all over the world is leading to more people approaching health professionals with complaints of joint pain and other related co morbidities arising from being overweight.

Obesity is widely recognized as a disease state now and medical fraternity is coming... Read More

CASE REPORT: Effect Of Ozone Therapy & Aerobic Exercises On Diabetic Wound by DR. SUJATA YARDI

IntroductionDiabetic foot ulcers are common and estimated to affect 15% of all diabetic individuals during their lifetime. Almost 85% of amputations are preceded by diabetic foot ulcers. Like other forms of macro-vascular disease, peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is more common in diabetes. Diabetic foot is characterized into 2 types: the neuropathic foot where neuropathy dominates and neuro-ischemic foot where occlusive vascular disease is the main factor.&nbs... Read More



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