Ancient India was enlightened with the concept of ‘Yoga’. Vedic literature acknowledges its methods and concepts although time of origin of its practice and doctrine cannot be dated with accuracy.
Yoga can be broadly defined as science of supreme harmonization of body mind and soul. Hence yoga requires theories and principles that maintain a stable body, regulated breath and tranquil mind. WHO defines health as the complete physical, well being and not merely the absence of any disease or infirmities. Hence any health service activity should consider the holistic concept of health to achieve its aims.
Body mind and soul is the triology of human endowment. Harmonizing the triology will help achieve the power of positive health, comprising of physical, mental, social and spiritual dimensions. Habitual tendencies of mind to react to external stimuli can be regulated to achieve calm, so as to reflect the self. The measure of the self, is spiritual quotient, which is an integration of intelligence, emotional and moral quotient. Yogis who practiced yoga, harmaonized mind and body to attain high spiritual quotient by balancing physical activities through ‘Asanas’ (postures & positions) and meditation. For enhancing improvement in postural control and balance training, kinesthetic sense is essential. Application of the principles of biomechanics facilitates this sense. Hence forms an essential element in practice of Yoga.
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