Hand grip strength (HGS) is described as the force applied by the hand to hold on, to pull on, or to suspend objects in the hand. It is a reliable measurement which can be easily used to evaluate the functional integrity of the hand. The power of grip is the result of forceful flexion of all fingers joints with a maximal voluntary force that the subject is able to exert under normal bio-kinetic conditions, as it is directly affected by the muscular, skeletal and neural systems. Many daily functions and sports events require high activity of hands. Hand and forearm muscles are important in grip strength. From sports like cricket, hockey, tennis, football, basketball, and baseball to daily activities such as carrying, turning a doorknob, and vacuuming, some degree of grip strength is necessary to be successful.
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