Abstract: Pain and disability associated with musculoskeletal conditions represent a significant health burden in India. An episode of acute musculoskeletal pain is of short duration (Less than three months), although such episodes may recur. Successful management of acute pain reduces the risk of chronic pain. Clinical assessment comprising a history and physical examination is important to identify features of rare but serious causes of acute musculoskeletal pain. In the majority of the remaining cases, it is not possible to determine the cause of acute musculoskeletal pain and a specific diagnosis is not required for effective management. Simple interventions like physiotherapy (manual therapy, modalities, exercises) providing information, assurance and encouraging reasonable maintenance of activity may be all that are required for the successful management of acute musculoskeletal pain, or they can be used in combination with other interventions.
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