Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetically determined disorders, in which there is progressive weakness of muscles that control movement. They commonly involve skeletal muscle, but heart muscle may be affected in some of them. They can affect children as well as adults. The commonest muscular dystrophy in children is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), followed by congenital muscular dystrophies. In adults the commonest muscular dystrophies are limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), myotonic dystrophy (DM) and facio-scapulo-humeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD).
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