Shoulder pain with a subsequent restriction of movement is a common problem both in sporting and general population1,2,3. Though it is more prevalent in females when compared to males4, it has been associated with systemic conditions such as diabetes5, as well as postulated to be affected by biopsychosocial influences6.
The incidence of shoulder pain ranges from 6.6 to 25 cases per 1,000 patients, with a peak incidence in those aged 45 to 64 years. The 1-year prevalence rate of shoulder pain in the adult population in various countries is estimated to be 20% to 50%.4 Furthermore, symptoms can persist or recur in 40% to 50% of patients 1 year after a first consultation7.
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