INTRODUCTION: Balance control was once assumed to consist of a set of reflexes that triggered equilibrium responses based on visual,vestibular or somatosensory triggers1. Balance is no longer considered one system or a set of righting and equilibrium reflexes. Rather, balance is considered a complex motor skill derived from the interaction of multiple sensorimotor processes2.
NEUROANATOMY OF BALANCE: All of the body's voluntary movements are controlled by the brain. One of the brain areas most involved in controlling these voluntary movements is the motor cortex.
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