ABSTRACT: Musculoskeletal pain is recognized as global public health burden. Anthropometric factors include age, gender, height, body weight, flexibility, strength, posture and body mass index. Socio-demographic factors involve a combined interaction of personal habits such as diet, coffee-intake, smoking, alcoholism, physical activity, and socio-cultural factors such as family, lifestyle, socio-economic status and home/work environment. The objective of this review paper is to provide an evidence-informed update of the risk factors associated with presence and/or development of musculoskeletal pain. All the above mentioned factors were shown to be associated with one type of musculoskeletal pain or the other. The review showed mixed findings and there is still a large scope for further research in this area. Identification of risk factors allow therapists to understand patient clinical presentations, identify specific clinical features, initiate appropriate preventive strategies and thus improve the quality of their services.
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