The use of smart phone has become a necessity for most people. Smart phones are used for both communication and entertainment purposes, such as message, music, media, internet access, photos, and games. Now a days due to Covid 19 pandemic, smart phones are used mostly by students for learning purpose such as online classes, webinars, e-learning programme etc. When using smart phones, people usually flex their neck downwards to stare at the lowered object and maintain the head in forward position for long periods of time, which may cause musculoskeletal disorders, such as “UPPER CROSSED SYNDROME”. Upper crossed syndrome is described as a muscle’s imbalance pattern located at the head and shoulder region.
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