Everybody falls. Regardless of age, falling is a ubiquitous event experienced by all throughout life. Most falls, especially in children and young adults, are of minor consequence, are readily forgotten, and have no impact on subsequent function. Falls in the elderly, by contrast, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality - the consequences often extending far beyond minor injury to significant loss of functional independence and even death.
Even a minor fall can lead significant consequences such as an on-going fear of falling and loss of confidence in moving around safely or a reduction in mobility which can secondarily create social isolation and depression. That will impact on older person’s all ADLs (CSP, 1999). In addition to that, osteoporosis increases the risk of fracture in old age after a fall. Falls are considered one of the “Geriatric Giants” (Davis et al, 1999).
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