receives sensory input from our environment as well as our own body through various channels such as touch, vision, taste, smell, auditory, position, and movement senses. Sensory integration means making optimal use of sensory information so that we can relate to the world around us and functions appropriately. For example, avoiding an obstacle on the road while walking and talking, catching a ball, writing in a straight line, are all common tasks when information from multi-sensory channels needs to be put together and used, along with the necessary muscles in order to execute these functions.
Our ability to integrate all the sensory information contributes too many components of survival such as alertness, attention, cognition, movement planning, emotional regulation, and social skills. Good sensory integrative abilities lead to body organization in space, eye-hand coordination, speech and language skills, purposeful activity, and academic skills. Thus sensory integration opens the way to learning and is an integral part of human functioning.
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