The idea of intensive care stems back to the era when better understanding of the human physiology and the process of death occurred. Understanding the function of oxygenation and that life is an oxidation process led to put emphasis on the respiratory support and oxygen inhalation. Lavoisier (1743-1794) stated “Respiration is a process of combustion, in truth very slow, but otherwise exactly like that of charcoal.” The reason may be different but many cultures used insufflations of respiratory system with air as effort of resuscitation.
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