Shoulder pain, which is often persistent or recurrent, is one of the major reasons patients consult with primary healthcare providers. Non traumatic shoulder pain has mainly been proposed to be due to either the presence of inflammation or degenerative rotator cuff ruptures (diagnosed during MRI or Sonography) [1, 2]. Although such pathological structures may cause pain, it is also known that similar abnormalities have been found in asymptomatic shoulders due to faulty scapular muscle activation patterns .
The shoulder is potentially one of the most unstable joints of the body, with very little bony stability or containment. There is a fine balance between the mobility to perform athletic activities & stability required to power and stabilize the arm. The shoulder is not simply a ‘joint’ but rather a ‘complex’ and therefore known as the ‘shoulder complex’, stabilized by both static and dynamic stabilizers, which work in synchrony to maintain shoulder stability in performing the extreme activities required by the shoulder in sports and heavy manual work.
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